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At the end of the lesson, students are expected to: 1. familiarize themselves themselves with the lyrics of the song, 2. express feelings indirectly using analogy; and 3. reflect on their relationships with their own parents.
Expressing Feelings and Emotions Implicitly through an Analogy
English Expressways, p. 166
Eugenia Gordon, Remedios Nery, Virginia Bermudez
B. Materials :
A. Preliminary Activity 1. Motivation Try to close your eyes. Think of the th e name of the adjectives to describe your father. Does he care? Is he proud? Did he defend you? Is he sensitive? Can you count the times he uttered I love you? Reflect on these things as you listen attentively to the song that I will play. (Now playing: Father and Son by Cat Stevens)
2. Motive Question Is the song familiar to you? What is the title? Generally, what does it speak about father and son?
B. Lesson Proper
Class, describe what you feel while listening to the song.
I felt sad while listening because I was thinking of the times my father is still alive.
Okay, you felt sad. Oftentimes feeling and attitudes toward an idea or person are expressed explicitly or directly, using language. But we know that these things can also be expressed through other means. What do you call this?
We call it as implicit expression.
You got it right. Well, we have another way, though, of expressing feelings and attitudes implicitly; and we call it an analogy . Please look at this example: Time is like a river, constantly changing yet always the same. Examine the structure of this. First, what particular subject does it talk about? Exactly. Then tell me, what two things are being compared? Is the comparison literal or figurative?
The statement talks something about time.
Time and river are being compared, and the comparison is figurative.
That is so correct. Class, when you have a literal comparison, you can see how there is a visible, almost technical similarity. On the other hand, a figurative comparison focuses on the less obvious, and the stresses imaginative aspects of objects. Going back to the example, let us take out the phrase, constantly changing yet always the same. So what’s left is Time is like a river. When we do that, it is no longer an analogy. It will be simile, right? Obviously, an analogy is a type of figurative language. But how we distinguish an analogy?
You are absolutely right. In the example, there shows the logical relationship between time and change. Although analogies can be expressed in
Like simile, an analogy uses the word like; and just like metaphor, it compares two things indirectly. The only difference is that an analogy presents not two things but two sets of circumstances.
statements, they are always paraphrased as equations. Below are some examples: 1. Love is food for the soul, but jealousy is poison. Equation — Analogy
2. Life is a disease. Equation — Analogy
C. Skill Development Think of analogies that speak about the message of the song, Father and Son by Cat Stevens.
In small groups, think of as many analogies as you can for each of the following items: 1. friend
3. old age
Pick a song of your own choice and make analogies that speak about its message. Do this on a piece of paper.