Rurbanisation denotes to the rural area being urbanized,Precisely rural area with the characteristic features of facilities available in area. These include Education School , Health PHC , Pucca raod to the village, Electrification of the village and
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Characteristics of Construction Management A project, in general, is bounded by the limitations of a definite scope of work and a time of completion, living certain pre-determined benefits to the user on completion of the project. Each activity of the project is allotted time required for its completion and resources like manpower, materials, know-how, etc. for completing a project satisfactorily, all the activities are required to perform systematically in a predetermined planned way in a time bound schedule with optimized utilization of manpower and other resources. A project exists for a fix duration of time A project cycle consists of project preparation, implementation, and operation phase. Construction projects generally employ high value and huge resources of men, materials, and machines. Each project has a definite finish or completion, i.e. time bound. The project team is constituted of members belonging to different disciplines. A project is dynamic in nature and is subjected to many changes during its life span. Each a project has a fix set of objectives. Once the objectives has been achieved, the project ceases to exist. Each project is comprised of series of intermediate activities consuming resources and time. Every project has many constraints in terms of availability of resources and completion of time. The project work is normally entrusted to a project manager who coordinates the work of various persons working on the project. Importance of Construction Management Construction management provides necessary leadership, motivates employees to complete the difficult tasks well in time and extracts potential talent of its employees. Construction management provides importance for optimum utilization of resources. Construction management is beneficial as the effective and efficient management of construction project will avoid, escalation of cost, time over-run, wastage of resources, unlawful exploitation of labor and pollution of environment. It improves the quality and speed of work by using modern equipment and machinery on construction. It arranges the completion of the work in the minimum possible time. It affects the cost of construction economy by adopting new techniques of construction and supervision, etc. It checks the wastage of materials and labor. Objectives of Construction Management
The work should be executed most economically. The work should be executed as per specifications. The quality and workmanship of the work should be good. The work should be planned and organized properly.
The work should be properly supervised by qualified and trained staff. The work should be completed within the specified estimated cost and time.
Function of Construction Management The function of management provide a useful structure for organizing of management knowledge. Planning- it is the process of determining in advance what is to be done, where, when, and by whom Organizing- it is the process of determining what tasks are to be done, it is to do them, how the task are to be grouped who report to whom and where are decision are to be made. Staffing- it involves filling and keeping filled the positions in the organization structure. Directing – this function of management involves motivation, guidance, supervision, and leading the employee of the organization. Controlling- it is measuring and correcting individual and organizational performance to ensure that even conform to plans. Coordinating- it involves bringing together the works of various departments and sections so as to have a good communication. Scheduling- can be define as mechanical process of setting various planned activities in order by fixing starting and finishing dates for each activities of the work to execute the whole work in the systematic and orderly manner.