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Names of Chemicals and Their Functions That is Used in Te Textile xtile Washing Washing
NAMES OF CHEMICAS ! THEI" FUNCTIONS THAT IS USE# IN TE$TIES #U"IN% WASHIN%
NAME OF CHEMICAS& 1. Enzyme 2. Acetic Acid 3. Detergent 4. Anti static agent 5. Bleaching powder 6. Sodim hyposl!ite ". #astic Soda $. Soda Ash %. Sodim Bicar&onate 1'. (otassim permanganate 11. #ationic ) nonionic *la+ so!tener 12. ,icro Emlsion Silicon 13. Salt -sodim chloride 14. B!!er 15. /ydrogen pero+ide 16. Sta&ilizer 1". *i+ing agent
he action o! en)*me dring enzyme wash it hydrolysis the celllose. At !irst it attacs the haing proecting !i&ers and hydrolyzed them. hen it attacs the yarn portion inside !a&ric and party hydrolyzed the yarn portion. As a reslt color comes ot !rom the yarn p ortion and !added a!!ect is prodced.
#ETE"%ENT& #hemical character is !atty alcohol polyglycol ether in a n aeos7 glycolic soltion. Detergent is widely applica&le in the continos and discontinos pretreatment o! all types o! !i&er and their &lends. o remoe imprities7 mineral oil contamination and sizes !rom the garments. Scoring o! goods !or dyeing and printing !lly white and colored articles.
Acetic Acid is sed to netralize the garments !rom alaline condition and to control the p/ ale in wash &ath.
ANTISTAIN& Antistain is sed to preent the staining on we!t yarn o! the denim -white yarn7 white pocets o! garment7 leels7 contacted !a&rics o! garment and increased the &rightness o! !a&rics7 8t is also anticreasing agent. acts as
Bleaching powder is an o+idizing agent. 8t is sed in washing plant !or color ot !rom the denim garments. 9e can achiee de!erent shade o! color on garment i.e. Dar7 ,edim7 :ight shade.
#astic created the role in &leach technie with ot color change the garment and has a good cleaning power. 8t is wor as !adding a!!ect)old looing a!!ect come rapidly on garments.
Soda ash creates alaline medim !or the &readown o! pigment dye. Soda ash help to ni!orm &leaching action on &leach &ath. 8t has a cleaning power and help color !adding a!!ect o! garment. 8t is sed also !or color !i+ing in dye &ath.
Sodim &icar&onate is sed in washing plant in the &leach &ath with &leaching powder !or Denim :ight shade &ecase easily color ot with in shot time. As a reslt prodction increase and costing is low.
(otassim permanganate is sed in Acid wash with (nic stone !or color ot !rom the garments. 8t is sed also spray cham&er &y nozzle !or color ot -whitish a!!ect !rom the garments.
So!tener is sed to mae the garments treated te+tiles a sr!ace !eel that is &oth sicly and so!t and also proides e+cellent l&ricating properties.
Amino Silicon is a te+tile !inishing agent consisting mainly o! an amino modi!ied silicon. 9hen applied on !a&rics7 it gies dra&le so!tness7 l&ricity7 elastic handle7 antipilling7 dimensional sta&ility7 tear resistance and !a&ric to &e ct and sewn more easily allows and improing wear and easy care properties.
B!!er is sed in washing plant !or p/ control o! enzyme &ath7 so!tener &ath7 desizing &ath.
H*drogen 2eroxide create the prime role in &leach wash technie. 8n alaline medim7 hydrogen pero+ide &reas p and gie some perhydro+hyl ion7 which discolor the coloring materials and as a reslt !adding a!!ect is deeloped. /ydrogen pero+ide is sed in scoring7 &leaching &ath !or white)ready !or dyeing o! gray !a&ric garments. 8t is sed also netralized the garment !rom alaline condition.
/ydrogen pero+ide is wor a good condition at temperatre a&oe %';c7 when temperatre raise to %';c then &rea the /ydrogen pero+ide. Sta3ili)er is sed to protect &rea the hydrogen pero+ide and pero+ide wors in &ath smoothly.
Fixing agent is sed !or n!i+ed dye to !i+ed on !a&rics7 when !a&ric color will &e proper !i+ing then color !astness < r&&ing !astness will &e increased.
CATANI'E"& #atanizer is sed in pigment e+hast method processing. (igment is color not dyest!!. (igment color hae no a!!inity to !a&ric when catanizer is sed in !a&ric then increase the a!!inity &etween pigment color < !a&rics.
wo types o! o2tical 3rightener are sed in the washing plant = a ed &rightener. & Ble &rightener. ,ainly optical &rightener is sed !or improe the &rightness o! garments.
"ESIN& esin is high e!!iciency te+tile resin &ased on etheri!ied dimethylol glyo+al monoreine rea. esin is sed !or the creation o! semi>permanent creases in denim and other celllose !a&rics. 8t is sed also cotton and polyester !a&ric. *a&ric retains so!t handle a!ter washing.
Sodim meta&islphite is sed in the washing plant to netralized the garment !rom potassim permanganate.
#esi)ing agent is sed to remoe mainly starches7 cmc7 wa+es7 !ats pectin?s7 minerals < n!i+ed indigo dye !rom denim7 twills7 poplin < canas !a&rics etc.