During II world war the Military Officials used the system of planning the war material for the future days, that was actually system of Mathematical Modeling. The idea of Statistical Methods. The impact of this has started to change course content a
Teaching Strategies - piano
Principles of Teaching
Teachers discuss different teaching aids and the uses teaching aids can be put to. They also discuss their experiences of using teaching aids, and how they could improve on this. The selection and ...
Higher education is one such activity which can convert population into human resource. Country's strength in the world today is its young population and will determine its future progress. Education not only improves the facilities and skills of peo
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ED 107 – Principles of Teaching
Lesson 10: Teaching Strategies Guiding Principles in the Selection and Use of Teaching Strategies Brain- Based Strategies
Guiding Principles in the Selection and Use of Teaching Strategies A teaching strategy is the method used to deliver information in the classroom, online‚ or in some other medium. The goal of a teaching strategy is to facilitate learning‚ to motivate learners‚ to engage them in learning‚ and to help them focus. 1. Learning is an active process. - actively engage the learners in learning activities if we want them to learn what we intend to teach. - give students opportunities to participate in classroom activities - Hands-on-minds learning - Research shows 75% retention rates in learning by doing 90% retention rates learning by teaching others Summary quote: What I hear, I forget. What I see, I remember. What I do, I understand.
2. The more senses that are involved in learning, the more and the better the learning. “Humans are intensely visual animals. The eyes contain nearly 70 percent of the body’s receptors and send millions of signals along the optic nerves to the visual processing center of the brain… we take in more information visually that through any of the other senses.”
3. Emotion has the power to increase retention and learning. - The more emotionally involved the students, more learning occurs and the greater is the lesson impact. - Bring in emotion into the class - Recognize the power of emotion to increase retention
4. Learning is meaningful when it is connected to the students’ everyday life. - The meaningfulness & relevance of what we teach is considerably reduced by our practice of teaching simply for testing. - “answering pedagogy” - Students see meaning in learning when teachers show the connectedness of the lessons to the everyday concern and life of the students. 5. Good teaching goes beyond recall of information - Teaching should reach the levels of application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation to hone our student’s thinking skills. 6. An integrated teaching approach is far more effective than teaching isolated bits of information. - Consider the Multiple Intelligences (MI) & varied learning styles
(LS) of students in an instructional approach. Possess a repertoire of teaching and testing strategies and techniques to reach a full range of students’ varied learning styles and multiple intelligences.
An integrated approach incorporates successful, research-based and brain-based instructional strategies. 1. Rehearsal or constant attention. 2. Build neural networks through concrete experience, symbolic learning and abstract learning. 3. Engage students in learning experience. 4. More learning occurs through sight. Visual information is more effective on mind processes and remembering. 5. Recall is easier when it is embedded in music or rhyme.
Brain- Based Strategies Brain-based education is actually a “no-brainer.” Here’s a simple, but essential premise: the brain is intimately involved in, and connected with, everything educators and students do at school. Brain-based education is best understood in three words: engagement, strategies and principles. You must engage your learners and do it with strategies that are based on real science. 1. Involving students in real-life or authentic problem solving Sometimes students ask us when and where they need this and that they are learning in school. This question implies that students hardly see the relevance and practical application of what they’re taught in school maybe because we give hypothetical studies that have convergent and neat answers or hypothetical cases that are far removed from real life (Wolfe, 2001). Example: Students in fifth grade class were challenged by their teacher to determine whether public opinion in their city matched that of the country in public poll regarding the selection of a presidential candidate. The students researched how polls are conducted, studied data
collection, and learned how to form questions. After conducting a mini poll at the school, they tabulated their results, and discussed the reasons for the differences. 2. Using projects to increase meaning and motivation Projects may not necessarily be based on problems. Example: 1. Example in item number 1 may be made a project. 2. The class will work together on a presentation of World War II memories and produce an extremely poignant recording of a song from the era and display collages of photos and other memorabilia (Michel Simkins, 2002). 3. Simulations and role plays as meaning makers Not all curriculum topics can be addressed through authentic problem solving and projects. At times these activities are not feasible, so simulations which are not real events are our resort. Example: A sari-sari store to give elementary students experience in making budget, stay within budget and counting change for bills. 4. Classroom strategies using visual processing “A picture is worth ten thousand words.” This being the case we make it a point to have visual aids. Visuals
are powerful aids in retention as well as in understanding. This help
students organize their thinking.
Hierarchical topical organizer
Episode Pattern Organizer
Concept Pattern Organizer
Time- Sequence Pattern in Arbitration
Process/ Cause-Effect Pattern for Negotiation
5. Songs, jingles and raps Content can be more easily learned when they give it a tune or make it into rhyme through personally composed songs, jingles and raps. Adding movement to the music or rhyme provides an extra sensory input to the brain and probably enhances learning. Example: Stop, stop, stop the words With a little dot
Use a period at the end So they’ll know to stop (Wolfe, 2001) 6. Mnemonic Strategies Assist students in recalling important information. Example: We count the peaks and valleys of our knuckles. StalaCtites - found on the Ceiling StalaGmites – found on the Ground
7. Writing Strategies Make students write their own word problems and make them ask their classmates to solve them or ask the students to write down what they are learning or confused about by the use of incomplete statements.
Example: I think calculators… Factoring is easy if… I am hard up in… In Social Studies, you make them write dialogues, speeches, letter, newspaper eulogies. 8. Active Review Instead of the teacher conducting the review, students are given their turn. Review days are planned and organized to give enough time for
students to prepare for the holding of a review. It also strengthens synapses. 9. Hands-on-activities Concrete experience is one of the best ways to make long-lasting neural connections. Aristotle said: “What we have to learn to do, we learn by doing.” An integrated approach is also interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary. Example: If you teach science, you connect the topic for environment with the kinds of pollution and global climatic changes within the science subject itself. An instructional approach is also integrated when it includes the acquisition of knowledge, skills as well as values. 10. There is no such thing as best teaching method. The best method is one that works, the one that yields results. There are factors to consider in the choice of teaching method: 1. The instructional objective 2. The nature of the subject matter 3. The learners 4. The teacher 5. School policies
References: Book: Corpuz, Brenda B. & Gloria G. Salandanan. (2003). Principles and Strategies of Teaching.Quezon City: Lorimar Publishing Co. Online: http://Effective Teaching Strategies.html http://Teaching strategies.html https://feaweb.org/brain-based-learning-strategies http://www.slideshare.net/miggy27/principles-of-teaching